Worship Aids for Pulpit Vacancy
Details for Trinity Sunday

Contents
Introduction

This page covers matters related to the Feast of Holy Trinity.

If you have not reviewed the general information on planning liturgy, worship appointments, etc., please do so at our Worship Aids for Pulpit Vacancy page.

Order of Service for Trinity Sunday

Sunday without Holy Communion

For Sunday mornings when there is no Lord's Supper, three options for liturgy present themselves...

  • Matins: a service of morning prayer found in the LBW, pp.131-141. This is an appropriate service to use when no preacher is available. Congregations should not cancel worship for lack of a preacher. Gathering for prayer, the recitation of the psalms, and the reading of Holy Scriptures has long sustained the church in desperate situations.
  • Service of the Word: a less complicated service than Matins found in the LBW, pp.126-130.
  • Ante-communion: essentially, the Service for Holy Communion without Holy Communion. This was the liturgy commonly used on non-communion Sundays.

Matins (Morning Payer)

Presented here is the service of Matins (a.k.a. "morning prayer") keyed to the LBW. The service is appropriate when no preacher is available. It may, however, be used when a preacher is available, following the option for a sermon found in this matrix. Optional elements are highlighted in light blue. Additional information is found in the footnotes (*, †, ‡, **, ††, and ‡‡).

Liturgical Element
LBW
Versicles ("O Lord, open my lips..."), Gloria Patri ("Glory to the Father..."), and Alleluia
p.131
Venite exultemus ("Oh, come, let us sing to the Lord...") * with invitatory antiphon ("Give glory to God, our light and our life...") ††
p.132 | #4
Psalm (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)
Psalm Prayer (optional; each psalm and its associated psalm prayer is found in the "Altar Book")

Psalm 103 (optional)
Psalm Prayer (optional)
p.264
Laudate Psalm 150 (optional)
Psalm Prayer (optional)
p.289
Old Testament Canticle (optional)
#5, #14, #15, #16, #18, or #19
Hymn ‡‡

Old Testament Lesson (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)
Gospel (optional; as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)
Responsorium breve ("In many and various ways...")
p.133
Benedictus ("Blessed be the Lord...") *
p.134 | or #2
Prayer of the Day (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)
Other Prayer(s) (optional) pp.42-53
Office Prayer ("O Lord, almighty and everlasting God, you have brought us in safety...")
p.136
Lord's Prayer
p.136
Benedicamus ("Let us bless the Lord...")
p.137
When there is a sermon... (optional) **
  • Offering
  • Hymn
  • Sermon
  • Sermon Prayer
p.137
Paschal Blessing ("As many as have been baptized into Christ..."), Alleluia, and Resurrection Gospel according to St. Luke ("On the first day of the week...") p.138-139
Te Deum ("You are God...") *
p.138 | or #4 or #535
Closing Prayer ("O God, for our redemption...")
p.137
Benediction ("The Lord almighty bless us...)
p.141

* Some congregations my find the liturgical music challenging. The Venite exultemus, Benedictus, and Te Deum are set to psalm tones in the canticles section of the LBW. Additionally, LBW #535 is a hymn paraphrase of the Te Deum.

For each psalm, there is an associated psalm prayer. The psalm prayers are found in the "Altar Book" (Lutheran Book of Worship: Ministers Edition and also the Lutheran Book of Worship: Ministers Desk Edition). Locate the required psalm, and you will find the psalm prayer printed immediately below it. The psalm prayer may be omitted. As an alternative to the psalm prayer, one may add the Gloria Patri (i.e., "Glory be to the Father, and tó the Son* and to the Hóly Spirit; | as it was in the begínning is now,* and will be forevér. Amen") at the conclusion of the each psalm.

It is encouraged to include an additional prayer here but not required. Select a collect from any one of the many found in the LBW s.v. "Petitions, Intercessions, and Thanksgivings" (pp.42-53). Rubric #9 indicates several options beyond the offering of a simple collect, but this is much more complicated; consult your interim before taking this option.

** A sermon at Matins is by no means required, the heart of the liturgy being recitation of and meditation upon the psalms. Still, if one is desired, the sequence of offering, hymn, sermon, and sermon prayer is used. After the sermon prayer, the liturgy proceeds immediately to the paschal blessing. Instead of a sermon, a short reading from one of the Patristic writers or a spiritual master may be used; consult you interim for recommendations.

†† The invitatory antiphon may be used with Canticle #4.

‡‡ The office hymn is traditionally one of the hymns appointed for morning. The LBW includes a section, s.v., "Morning," (##264-271) among the hymns. There are, however, other hymns scattered throughout the LBW that are equally appropriate for the office hymn, e.g., #142 which may be used on Easter Sunday, Ascension, and Pentecost or #443, or #465, which can be used at any time but works well for the morning. A hymn other than an office hymn may be used, but some obviously don't work well at Matins, e.g., #272.

Service of the Word

Presented here is the Service of the Word keyed to the LBW. Optional elements are highlighted in light blue.

Liturgical Element
LBW
Hymn

Dialog ("Holy is the Lord..." or "Blessed are you...")
p.126
Apostles Creed
p.128
Old Testament Canticle
#4, #5, #14, #15, #16, #18, or #19
Prayer of the Day (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday) p.128
First Lesson (any of the lessons appointed in in the propers for the Sunday)
Psalm (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday), hymn, or anthem

Second Lesson (any of the lessons appointed in in the propers for the Sunday)
Response
#11, #12
Sermon

Hymn

Offering (optional)

General Prayer
p.129
Lord's Prayer
p.130
New Testament Canticle
#2, #6, #13, #17, #20, #21
Benediction
p.130
Hymn (optional)

Ante-communion

Presented here is the ante-communion liturgy keyed to the LBW. Employing the ante-communion is not the preferred option, but it is serviceable. Optional elements are highlighted in light blue.

There are some modifications that must be made for a service led by a layperson or a deacon. Those are indicated with footnotes (*, †, and ‡,). Additional information is also provided in the footnotes (** and ††).

Liturgical Element
LBW 1
LBW 2
LBW 3
Brief Order of Confession and Forgiveness (optional) *
p.56
p.77
p.98
Hymn (optional)



Apostolic Greeting ("The grace of our Lord...") p.57
p.78
p.99
Kyrie
p.57
p.79
p.99
Gloria ("Glory to God in the highest...") p.58
p.79
p.100
Prayer of the Day (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday) with salutation ("The Lord be with you...")
p.62
p.82
p.103
First Lesson (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Psalm (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Epistle (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Verse ("Alleluia. Lord to whom shall we go...")
p.62
p.83
p.103
Gospel (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday) †† with acclamations (i.e., "Glory to you, O Lord," and "Praise to you, O Christ")
p.63
p.83
p.104
Sermon



Hymn (optional)



Nicene Creed | or Athanasian Creed **
p.64 | or p.54
p.84 | or p.54 p.105 | or p.54
Offering (optional)



Offertory ("Create in me...")
p.75
p.96
p.118
General Prayer ("O Lord our God, you have commanded...") | or Prayer of the Church
p.75 | or p.76 or pp.52-53
p.96 | or p.97 or pp.52-53 p.118 | or p.119 or pp.52-53
Lord's Prayer
p.76
p.97
p.119
Benediction p.76
p.97
p.119
Hymn (optional)



* Brief Order of Confession and Forgiveness when led by a layperson or deacon: The second absolution formula ("In the mercy of almighty God...") is used, and the sign of the cross is not made over the congregation. Additionally, confessional rite is optional when the Sacrament of the Altar is not part of the service.

Apostolic Greeting when led by a layperson or deacon: The formula is modified to "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with us all."

Benediction when led by a layperson or deacon: the formula is modified to "The Lord bless us and keep us. The Lord make his face to shine upon us and be gracious to us. The Lord look upon us with favor and give us peace," and the sign of the cross is not made over the congregation.

** The Athanasian Creed (Quicunque vult) was not used as a liturgical creed, (i.e., a creed widely used in the worship) until the introduction of the LBW, and, even then, it cannot be said to have had universal usage among Lutherans. Pfatteicher and Messerli recommend its usage, but honesty demands that we admit that doing so is an innovation.

†† Proper verses (for each Sunday and feast) may be found in the propers for the Sunday, s.v., "Gospel Acclamation" (n.b., the term, "verse," was used in the LBW for this short passage from Holy Scripture, the term "Gospel acclamations," referring to the introductory, "Glory to you, O Lord," and closing, "Praise to you, O Christ." One needs to code switch between LBW and ELW. The proper verses can also be found in the "Altar Book" (Lutheran Book of Worship: Ministers Edition and it's "desk edition"), but one must, in ordinary time, check to see if the lessons line up, as there was a change in lectionary after the publication of the LBW. While proper verses help highlight the Scripture readings or themes for the day, this may be a level of complexity ill-suited for pulpit vacancy. Consult your interim should you want to avail yourself of this option.

Sunday with Holy Communion

The full service of Holy Communion may only be used when a presbyter (pastor) or bishop presides. This chart is keyed to the LBW. Optional elements are highlighted in light blue.

Liturgical Element
LBW 1
LBW 2
LBW 3
Brief Order of Confession and Forgiveness
p.56
p.77
p.98
Hymn (optional)



Apostolic Greeting ("The grace of our Lord...")
p.57
p.78
p.99
Kyrie
p.57
p.79
p.99
Gloria ("Glory to God in the highest...") p.58
p.79
p.100
Prayer of the Day (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday) with salutation ("The Lord be with you...") p.62
p.82
p.103
First Lesson (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Psalm (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Epistle (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday)


Verse ("Alleluia. Lord to whom shall we go...")
p.62
p.83
p.103
Gospel (as appointed in the propers for the Sunday) with acclamations (i.e., "Glory to you, O Lord," and "Praise to you, O Christ") p.63
p.83
p.104
Sermon



Hymn (optional)



Nicene Creed | or Athanasian Creed * p.64 | or p.54 p.84 | or p.54 p.105 | or p.54
Prayer of the Church
p.65
p.85
p.106
Peace
p.66
p.86
p.107
Offering (optional)



Offertory ("Let the vineyards...")
p.66
p.86
p.107
Offertory Prayer ("Blessed are you...")
p.68
p.88
p.109
Sursum corda ("The Lord be with you...Lift up your hearts...")
p.68
p.88
p.109
Preface for Holy Trinity



Sanctus ("Holy, holy, holy...")
p.69
p.89
p.110
Eucharistic Prayer (#31, #32, #33 or one of those in "Altar Book")
pp.69-71
pp.89-91
pp.110-112
Lord's Prayer
p.71
p.91
p.112 | or p.113
Agnus Dei ("Lamb of God...")
p.72
p.92
p.114
Distribution



Post-Communion Blessing
p.72
p.92
p.115
Post-Communion Canticle ("Thank the Lord...")
p.72
p.92
p.115
Post-Communion Prayer
p.74
p.94
p.117
Benediction
p.74
p.94 | p.95
p.117
Hymn (optional)



Dismissal ("Go in peace. Serve the Lord...")
p.74
p.95
p.117
* The Athanasian Creed (Quicunque vult) was not used as a liturgical creed, (i.e., a creed widely used in the worship) until the introduction of the LBW, and, even then, it cannot be said to have had universal usage among Lutherans. Pfatteicher and Messerli recommend its usage, but honesty demands that we admit that doing so is an innovation.

Proper verses (for each Sunday and feast) may be found in the propers for the Sunday, s.v., "Gospel Acclamation" (n.b., the term, "verse," was used in the LBW for this short passage from Holy Scripture, the term "Gospel acclamations," referring to the introductory, "Glory to you, O Lord," and closing, "Praise to you, O Christ." One needs to code switch between LBW and ELW. The proper verses can also be found in the "Altar Book" (Lutheran Book of Worship: Ministers Edition and it's "desk edition"), but one must, in ordinary time, check to see if the lessons line up, as there was a change in lectionary after the publication of the LBW. While proper verses help highlight the Scripture readings or themes for the day, this may be a level of complexity ill-suited for pulpit vacancy. Consult your interim should you want to avail yourself of this option.

Proper offertories (for each Sunday and feast) may be found in the "Altar Book" (Lutheran Book of Worship: Ministers Edition and it's "desk edition"), but one must, in ordinary time, check to see if the lessons line up, as there was a change in lectionary after the publication of the LBW. While proper offertories help highlight the Scripture readings or themes for the day, this may be a level of complexity ill-suited for pulpit vacancy. Consult your interim should you want to avail yourself of this option.

Worship Appointments (candles, colors, etc.) for Trinity Sunday

Paraments and Vestments

The color for Trinity Sunday is white.

Paschal Candle

The Paschal candle is not lit unless there is a baptism or funeral.

The Paschal candle's position is at the font.

If there is a funeral, the burning Paschal candle be used in the funeral procession and then placed at the head of the casket once it has reached its place. If not used in the procession, preposition near where the casket will rest so that it may be easily moved to the head of the casket, lighting the paschal candle after it has been put at the head of the casket.

Other Candles

The lighting and extinguishing of candles for the Sunday morning service is a matter of local custom. Some congregations have rather elaborate rituals for doing so. Others struggle to find acolytes. If lighting and extinguishing the altar candles has become a challenge, a congregation might follow the advice found in the Manual on the Liturgy–Lutheran Book of Worship: light the candles well before the service, and extinguishing them well after the service, doing so decorously but without pomp and circumstance. This, then, can be done by ushers, the sexton, the altar guild, the pastor, etc. without vesting.

Flowers

Flowers are lovely and a fitting adornment. Flowers, however, should not placed on the mensa (tabletop of the altar). Most non-freestanding altars feature a gradine (a raised shelf at the rear of the altar); flowers may be placed on the gradine along with altar candles. A freestanding altar (or communion table) poses a challenge for flower placement. If, in the apse, there is an old high altar with gradine or a reredos with shelves for flowers, the problem is solved. Flower pedestals or stands can be used, or the flowers may be simply set on the floor in the front of the altar as it is faced by the congregation, assuming the pastor presides from the other side. Flowers should not pose a fire hazard in their placement or a tripping hazard.
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Last update: 28 May 2022